J. M. Charteris

J. M. Charteris

J. Charteris sündis Kirkcaldys. Aastal 1888 kolis Charteris Londonisse, et töötada Woolwichis asuvas Royal Arsenalis, mis on valitsuse üks peamisi laskemoona tehaseid.

Parempoolsed, Charteris tegi hooajal 1888-89 Woolwich Arsenali eest debüüdi. Ta liitus meeskonnaga, kuhu kuulusid Humphrey Babour, Peter Connolly, David Danskin, Richard Horsington, Fred Beardsley, Joseph Bates, John McBean ja W. Scott.

Woolwich Arsenal jätkas edusamme ja võitis 1890. aastal Londoni heategevuskarika. Kahjuks lõpetati Charterise jalgpallurikarjäär, kui ta 1890. aasta novembris ühes mängus jalaluu ​​murdis. Klubis oldud aja jooksul lõi ta 24 väravat 28 mängu.


Riskianalüüsi mudel haiglaravil viibivate meditsiiniliste patsientide tuvastamiseks, kellel on risk venoosse trombemboolia tekkeks: Padova ennustusskoor

Taust: Venoosse trombemboolia (VTE) profülaktika haiglaravipatsientidel on suuresti alakasutatud. Püüdsime hinnata lihtsa riskihindamismudeli (RAM) väärtust VTE riskiga patsientide tuvastamiseks.

Meetodid: Prospektiivses kohordiuuringus klassifitseeriti 1180 järjestikust patsienti, kes võeti kaheaastase perioodi jooksul sisehaiguste osakonda, vastavalt eelnevalt määratletud RAM-ile kõrge või madala VTE riskiga. Neid jälgiti kuni 90 päeva, et hinnata sümptomaatiliste VTE tüsistuste esinemist. Uuringu esmane tulemus oli hinnata VTE kohandatud riskisuhet (HR) kõrge riskiga patsientidel, kellel oli piisav haiglasisene tromboprofülaktika, võrreldes nendega, kellel seda ei olnud, ja VTE oma viimase rühmaga võrreldes madala riskiga patsiente.

Tulemused: Nelisada kuuskümmend üheksa patsienti (39,7%) märgistati kõrge tromboosiriskiga. VTE tekkis neljal 186-st (2,2%), kes said tromboprofülaktikat, ja 31-l 283-st (11,0%), kes seda ei saanud (VTE HR, 0,13 95%CI, 0,04-0,40). VTE tekkis ka kahel 711 (0,3%) madala riskiga patsiendil (VTE HR kõrge riskiga patsientidel ilma profülaktikata, võrreldes madala riskiga patsientidega, 32,0 95% CI, 4,1-251,0). Verejooks tekkis kolmel 186 (1,6%) kõrge riskiga patsiendil, kellel oli tromboprofülaktika.

Järeldused: Meie RAM võib aidata eristada kõrge ja madala VTE riskiga meditsiinipatsiente. Adekvaatse tromboprofülaktika vastuvõtmine kõrge riskiga patsientidel haiglaravi ajal tagab pikaajalise kaitse trombembooliliste sündmuste eest, millel on madal veritsusoht.


Meie raamid inspireerivad meid iga päev rohkem õppima, rohkem tegema ja rohkem muutuma. Lugege allpool meie uskumatute klientide kohta. Kas olete raamija, kellel on lugu rääkida või küsimus esitada? Tahame seda kuulda aadressil [email protected]

Frame De Art on meie kangelane

Frame De Art, mille omanik on Brian Hart, on praegu Colorado suurim ketiväline raamipood. Need on mõeldud igat tüüpi ettevõtetele ja klientidele, sealhulgas kohalikele ülikoolidele, suurtele spordimeeskondadele ja Colorado sportlastele, kubernerile ja Denveri linnapeale Hancockile.

Peenemad raamid töötavad uuel viisil

Auhinnatud raamija Meg Glasgow kohandab oma ettevõtte Finer Frames uue tavaga ja toetab kogukonda mitmel viisil.

FrameWorksi abil saate olla piiramatu

FrameWorksi omanikud ja haldajad on Christine Sweeny ja Claire Lardner, mõlemad sertifitseeritud pildiraamijad. FrameWorks on juba üle 20 aasta pakkunud professionaalseid kohandatud raamimislahendusi ja disainiteenuseid galeriidele, avalikele ja erakunstidele, kunstnikele, ettevõtetele, hotellidele ja elamuklientidele.

Tõuseb Appletoni kaadritöötoa abil kõrgeimale tasemele

Abikaasa John ja Sarah Ranes avasid 1978. aasta septembris esmakordselt The Frame Workshop of Appleton, Inc. isetegemise ja kohandatud raamipoodina, kuid mitmekesistusid 1980ndatel aeglaselt mõneks kingituseks ja kodukaunistuseks. Täna on see äri tugev segu kohandatud raamimisest, kingitustest, kodukaunistustest ja Euroopa jõuludekoratsioonist, mida toetab tugev veebipõhine kohalolek alates 2001. aastast. Loominguline kohandatud raamimine on alati olnud nende äripildis domineeriv, kuna nad võitsid 1981. aastal New Orleansis oma esimesed raamimise lõpetamise auhinnad. See stimuleeris sisenemist ja võitmist ning õppimist, sest neil on sellest ajast alates kogunenud üle 100 auhinna, võttes ka raamiauhindu Ühendkuningriigis ja Austraalias.

Täieliku pildi saamine koos Nate Stoutiga

Ettevõtte Complete Pictures Inc. juht Nate Stout kinnitab: "Olen põnevil iga tüki pärast, mis meie müügisalongi jõuab, sest see annab meile võimaluse suhelda teise inimesega väga intiimsel tasandil. Tegelikult kutsutakse mind vaatama teise inimese kirgi ja kuidas nad sooviksid neid väljendada oma kõige isiklikumas ruumis. See inimlik seos on see, miks ma armusin raamistamisse ja kureerimisse. "


Meie raamid inspireerivad meid iga päev rohkem õppima, rohkem tegema ja rohkem muutuma. Lugege allpool meie uskumatute klientide kohta. Kas olete raamija, kellel on lugu rääkida või küsimus esitada? Tahame seda kuulda aadressil [email protected]

Frame De Art on meie kangelane

Frame De Art, mille omanik on Brian Hart, on praegu Colorado suurim ketiväline raamipood. Need on mõeldud igat tüüpi ettevõtetele ja klientidele, sealhulgas kohalikele ülikoolidele, suurtele spordimeeskondadele ja Colorado sportlastele, kubernerile ja Denveri linnapeale Hancockile.

Peenemad raamid töötavad uuel viisil

Auhinnatud raamija Meg Glasgow kohandab oma ettevõtte Finer Frames uue tavaga ja toetab kogukonda mitmel viisil.

FrameWorksi abil saate olla piiramatu

FrameWorksi omanikud ja haldajad on Christine Sweeny ja Claire Lardner, mõlemad sertifitseeritud pildiraamijad. FrameWorks on juba üle 20 aasta pakkunud professionaalseid kohandatud raamimislahendusi ja disainiteenuseid galeriidele, avalikele ja erakunstidele, kunstnikele, ettevõtetele, hotellidele ja elamuklientidele.

Tõuseb Appletoni kaadritöötoa abil kõrgeimale tasemele

Abikaasa John ja Sarah Ranes avasid 1978. aasta septembris esmakordselt The Frame Workshop of Appleton, Inc. isetegemise ja kohandatud raamipoodina, kuid mitmekesistusid 1980ndatel aeglaselt mõneks kingituseks ja kodukaunistuseks. Täna on see äri tugev segu kohandatud raamimisest, kingitustest, kodukaunistustest ja Euroopa jõuludekoratsioonist, mida toetab tugev veebipõhine kohalolek alates 2001. aastast. Loominguline kohandatud raamimine on alati olnud nende äripildis domineeriv, kuna nad võitsid 1981. aastal New Orleansis oma esimesed raamimise lõpetamise auhinnad. See stimuleeris sisenemist ja võitmist ning õppimist, sest neil on sellest ajast alates kogunenud üle 100 auhinna, võttes ka raamiauhindu Ühendkuningriigis ja Austraalias.

Täieliku pildi saamine koos Nate Stoutiga

Ettevõtte Complete Pictures Inc. juht Nate Stout kinnitab: "Olen põnevil iga tüki pärast, mis meie müügisalongi jõuab, sest see annab meile võimaluse suhelda teise inimesega väga intiimsel tasandil. Tegelikult kutsutakse mind vaatama teise inimese kirgi ja kuidas nad sooviksid neid väljendada oma kõige isiklikumas ruumis. See inimlik seos on see, miks ma armusin raamistamisse ja kureerimisse. "


Craw RC (1979) Üldistatud jäljed ja levik biogeograafias vastus RM McDowallile. Syst Zool 28: 99–107

Jellyman DJ (2002) Bob McDowall - tema panus Uus -Meremaa mageveekaladesse. N.Z. J Mar Freshw Res 36: 1–12

Jowett IG, Richardson J (2003) Kalakooslused Uus -Meremaa jõgedes ja nende seos keskkonnamuutujatega. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 37: 347–366

Leathwick JR, Rowe D, Richardson J, Elith J, Hastie T (2005) Mitmemõõtmelise adaptiivse regressiooniliini kasutamine Uus -Meremaa magevee diadroomkalade jaotuse ennustamiseks. Freshwat Biol 50: 2034–2052

McDowall RM (1964a) Uus -Meremaa mageveekala fauna afiinsus ja tuletamine. Tuatara 12 (2): 59–67

McDowall RM (1968a) Kavandatud suure suu musta bassi kasutuselevõtt Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) Uus -Meremaale. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 2: 149–161

McDowall RM (1978a) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad - teejuht ja looduslugu. Heinemann, Auckland, 230 lk

McDowall RM (1978b) Üldistatud rajad ja levik biogeograafias. Syst Zool 27: 88–104

McDowall RM (1988a) Diadroomia kalades. Ränne magevee ja merekeskkonna vahel. Croon Helm, London, 308 lk

McDowall RM (1990a) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad: loodusajalugu ja juhend. Heinemann-Reed, Auckland, 553 lk

McDowall RM (2010) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad. In Noakes DLG (ed) An Historical and Ecological Biogeography, kd. 32. Kala ja kalanduse sari. Springer. 449 lk

McDowall RM (2011) „Ikawai. Mageveekalad maoori kultuuris ja majanduses ”. Canterbury ülikooli kirjastus. 872 lk

McDowall RM, Burridge CP (2011a) Lõuna -magevee madalamate eutelosteaalsete kalade osteoloogia ja suhted. Zoosyst Evol 87: 5–183

McDowall RM, Taylor MJ (2000a) Elupaiga kvaliteedi keskkonnaindikaatorid rändava magevee kalafaunas. Environ Manage 25: 357–374

Bob McDowalli paberid ja raamatud

Allibone RM, Crowl TA, Holmes JM, King TM, McDowall RM, Townsend CR, Wallis GP (1996) Galaksia liigid (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) Taieri jõest, Lõuna -Saar, Uus -Meremaa: paljastati liigikompleks. Biol J Linn Soc 57: 107–127

Crow SK, McDowall RM (ajakirjanduses) Lamedapäiste galaktide kalade (Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae) morfoloogia ontogeneetilised muutused Uus -Meremaal South Islandil. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 45

Gross MR, Coleman RM, McDowall RM (1988) Veetootlikkus ja diadroomse kalade rände areng. Sci 239: 1291–1293

Jowett IG, Richardson J, McDowall RM (1996) Voosiseste elupaikade ja maakasutuse suhteline mõju kalade levikule ja arvukusele Gray jõe lisajõgedes, Uus-Meremaal. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 30: 463–475

Kelly DJ, McDowall RM (2004) Rannikuäärsed selgrootud ja kalakooslused. lk 25.1–25.14. Teoses: Harding JS, Mosley MP, Pearson CP, Sorrell BK (toim) Uus -Meremaa mageveed Uus -Meremaa hüdroloogiaühing: Uus -Meremaa limnoloogiaselts. Christchurch, N.Z

King CM, Roberts CD, Bell BD, Fordyce RE, Nicoll RS, Worth TH, Paulin CD, Hitchmough RA, Keyes IW, Baker AN, Stewart AL, Hiller N, McDowall RM, Holdaway RN, McPhee RP, Schwarzhans W, Tennyson AJD , Rust S, McAdie I (2009) Phylum Chordata: nöörid, kalad, kahepaiksed, roomajad, linnud ja imetajad. Teoses: Gordon DP (ed) Uus -Meremaa bioloogilise mitmekesisuse inventuur. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, lk 432–551

Koehn JD, McDowall RM (2004) Invasiivsed liigid: kala ja kalandus: töökoja ülevaade, siis ja praegu. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 38: 383–389

Lee DE, McDowall RM, Lindqvist JK (2007) Galaktia fossiilid miotseeni järve maardlatest, Otago, Uus -Meremaa: lõunapoolkera perekonna esimesed andmed Galaxiidae (Teleostei). J Roy Soc NZ 37: 109–130

Li J, McDowall RM (2010) Salapärase fülogeneetiline positsioon Lepidogalaxias salamandroides koos kommentaariga madalamate euteleosteanide kalade tellimustele. Mol Phylogenet Evol 57: 932–936

McDowall RM (1962) Magevee punase uimase kiusaja ümberkirjeldus Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 3: 3–15

McDowall RM (1964b) Uus -Meremaa magevee kalafauna afiinsus ja tuletis. Tuatara 12: 59–67

McDowall RM (1964c) Uus -Meremaa põlisrahvaste mageveekalade bibliograafia. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5: 175–182

McDowall RM (1964d) Kaalumine küsimusele „Mis on valge sööt?”. Tuatara 12: 134–146

McDowall RM (1964e) Uuringud punase uimase kiusaja bioloogia kohta Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). I - elupaikade ja liikide omavahelised seosed. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 4: 175–182

McDowall RM (1965a) Uus -Meremaa valgepüügi koostis, 1964. New Zeal J Sci 8: 285–300

McDowall RM (1965b) Kirjeldavad ja taksonoomilised märkused teemal Grahamichthys radiatus (Valenciennes), Eleotridae. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 7: 51–56

McDowall RM (1965c) Uus liik Retropinna Omapere järvest, Põhja -Aucklandist. Rec Dominion Mus 5: 89–91

McDowall RM (1965d) Uuringud punase uimase kiusaja bioloogia kohta Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). II - aretus ja elulugu. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5: 177–196

McDowall RM (1965e) Uuringud punase uimase kiusaja bioloogia kohta Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). III - Toidu uuringud. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5: 233–254

McDowall RM (1966a) Täiendavad tähelepanekud teemal Galaksia whitebait ja nende seos Galaxiidae levikuga. Tuatara 14: 12–18

McDowall RM (1966b) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalade identifitseerimise juhend. Tuatara 14: 89–104

McDowall RM (1967a) Perekonna uued maismaal asuvad kalaliigid Galaksia Põhja -Aucklandist, Uus -Meremaalt. Breviora 265: 1–11

McDowall RM (1967b) Mõned segaduspunktid galaktika nomenklatuuris. Copeia 1967: 841–843

McDowall RM (1968b) Mõistete anadroomne ja katadroomne rakendamine lõunapoolkera lõhekaladele. Copeia 1968: 176–178

McDowall RM (1968c) Uus -Meremaa looduse ja võõraste faunade koostoimed ning kalade sissetoomise probleemid. Trans Am Fish Soc 97: 1–11

McDowall RM (1968d) Ookeani saared ja endemism. Sys Zool 17: 346–350

McDowall RM (1968e) Largemouthi musta bassi kavandatav kasutuselevõtt Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) Uus -Meremaale. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 2: 149–161

McDowall RM (1968f) Nesogalaxias neocaledonicus (Weber ja de Beaufort) (Kalad: Galaxiidae). Breviora 286: 1–8

McDowall RM (1968 g) Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns), Uus -Meremaa whitebait. NZ Fish Res Bull 2, 84 lk

McDowall RM (1969a) väljasuremine ja endemism Uus -Meremaa maismaalindudel. Tuatara 17: 1–12

McDowall RM (1969b) Alaealine Aplochiton Jenyns. Copeia 1969: 631–632

McDowall RM (1969c) Kuu rütmid veeloomadel - üldine ülevaade. Tuatara 17: 133–144

McDowall RM (1970a) Kommentaare uue taksonoomia kohta Retropinna (Galaxioidei: Retropinnidae). NZ J Mar Freshw Res 4: 312–324

McDowall RM (1970b) Uus -Meremaa galaktilised kalad. Bull Mus Comp Zool 139: 341–431

McDowall RM (1970c) Teine liik Galaksia levinud Tasmaanial ja Uus -Meremaal (Kalad: Galaxiidae). Rec Dominion Mus 7: 13–19

McDowall RM (1971a) Perekonna kalad Aplochitonidae. J Roy Soc NZ 1: 31–52

McDowall RM (1971b) Lõuna -Ameerika galaktilised kalad. Zool J Linn Soc 50: 33–73

McDowall RM (1971c) Eleotris radiata Valenciennes (Kalad: Eleotridae). Copeia 1971: 731–732

McDowall RM (1972a) Austraalia mageveekalad ja jõed (J. S. järve ääres) - raamatuülevaade. Tuatara 19: 128–129

McDowall RM (1972b) Liigiprobleemid mageveekaladel ning diadroom- ja lacustrine -populatsioonide taksonoomia Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns). J Roy Soc NZ 2: 325–367

McDowall RM (1972c) Suudme- ja riimjärve taksonoomia Retropinna Uus -Meremaalt (Galaxioidei: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 2: 501–531

McDowall RM (1973a) Lektotüübi määramine Eleotris gobioides Valenciennes (Kalad, Eleotridae). Copeia 1973: 169–170

McDowall RM (1973b) Galaxias indicus Päev, 1888 - nomen dubium. J Roy Soc NZ 3: 191–192

McDowall RM (1973c) Perekonna piiramine Brahügalaksia Eigenmann, 1928 (Kalad: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 3: 193–197

McDowall RM (1973d) Nime väljapakutud väljajätmine Galaxias delfini Philippi 1895 (Kalad: Galaxiidae). Z.N. (S.) 1877. Bull Zool Nom 30: 88–89

McDowall RM (1973e) Uus -Meremaa torrentkala suhted ja taksonoomia, Cheimarrichthys fosteri Haast (Kalad: Mugiloididae). J Roy Soc NZ 3: 199–217

McDowall RM (1973f) Lõuna -Aafrika galaktika staatus (Kalad: Galaxiidae). Ann Cape'i provints Mus 9: 91–101

McDowall RM (1973g) Zoogeograafia ja taksonoomia. Tuatara 20: 88–96

McDowall RM (1974) Spetsialiseerumine lõunapoolsete harjuste perekonna hambumusse Prototroctes (Galaxioidei: Prototroctidae). J Fish Biol 6: 209–213

McDowall RM (1975a) Gerald Stokelli Uus -Meremaa magevee- ja diadroomkalad tema teiste avaldatud tööde kontekstis koos väljaannete bibliograafiaga. J Roy Soc NZ 5: 219–223

McDowall RM (1975b) Uus -Meremaa liikide revisjon Gobiomorf (Kalad: Eleotridae). Rec Nat Mus NZ 1: 1–32

McDowall RM (1976a) Perekonna kalad Prototroctidae (Salmoniformes). Aust J Mar Freshw Res 27: 641–659

McDowall RM (1976b) Märkused mõnede kohta Galaksia Uus -Meremaa pliotseeni fossiilid. J Roy Soc N Z 6: 17–22

McDowall RM (1976c) Jõesuudmete roll Uus -Meremaa kalade elutsüklis. Proc NZ Ecol Soc 23: 27–32

McDowall RM (1976d) Stromateus maculatus Forster - kala Uus -Lõuna -Walesist. J Roy Soc NZ 6: 489–491

McDowall RM (1976e) Taksonoomiline staatus Galaksia Rio Calle Calle, Tšiili populatsioonid (Kalad: Galaxiidae). Stud Neotr Fauna 11: 173–177

McDowall RM (1977) Uus -Meremaa pöögimetsade võimalik mõju kaladele ja eukalüpti rikastamine. NZ J Mets 22: 45–52

McDowall RM (1978c) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad: juhend ja looduslugu. Heinemann Educational, Auckland, 230 lk

McDowall RM (1978d) Üldistatud rajad ja levik biogeograafias. Sys Zool 27: 88–104

McDowall RM (1978e) Austraaliast pärit uus galaktide kalade perekond ja liik (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 8: 115–124

McDowall RM (1978) Mustrid Uus -Meremaa kalafauna tuletamisel. lk 203–218 Mere biogeograafiat ja lõunapoolkera evolutsiooni käsitleva rahvusvahelise sümpoosioni toimetised, kd. 1, DSIR, Auckland, N.Z.

McDowall RM (1978g) Seksuaalne dimorfism Austraalia galaktikas. Aust Zool 19: 308–314

McDowall RM (1979a) Tsentrolofiidide perekond Tubbia (Kalad: Stromateoidei). Copeia 1979: 733–738

McDowall RM (1979b) Perekonna kalad Retropinnidae (Kalad: Salmoniformes) - taksonoomiline ülevaade ja konspekt. J Roy Soc NZ 9: 85–121

McDowall RM (ed) (1980a) Kagu-Austraalia (Uus-Lõuna-Wales, Victoria ja Tasmaania) mageveekalad. Reed, Sydney, 208 lk

McDowall RM (1980b) Mobil Uus -Meremaa loodussari - mageveekalad. Reed, Wellington, 80 lk

McDowall RM (1980c) Charles Douglas, maadeavastaja: tema märkmed mageveekalade kohta. J Roy Soc NZ 19: 311–324

McDowall RM (1980d) Schedophilus maculatus Guenther, 1860 (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10: 141–151

McDowall RM (1980e) Mageveekalad ja plaattektoonika Vaikse ookeani edelaosas. Palaeog Palaeoc Palaeoe 31: 337–351

McDowall RM (1980f) Seriolella caerulea Guichenot, 1848 Uus -Meremaa vetes (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10: 65–74

McDowall RM (1981a) Eessõna. lk 197. In: Berra TM (toim) Maailma mageveekalade perekondade levikuatlas. Nebraska ülikooli press, Lincoln, Nebraska

McDowall RM (1981b) Nomina nuda ja sisaliku nimede kättesaadavus Kommentaar. NZ J Zool 8: 127–128

McDowall RM (1981c) Austraalia mageveekalade suhted. lk 1253–1273. In: R.A. Keast (toim) Austraalia ökoloogiline biogeograafia. Mono Biol 41: 1253–1273

McDowall RM (1981d) Alam-seljauime pooride kanalite süsteem Schedophilus maculatus Günther (Kalad: Centrolophidae). Copeia 1981: 492–494

McDowall RM (1982) Uus -Meremaa tsentrolofiidsed kalad (Kalad: Stromateoidei). J Roy Soc NZ 12: 103–142

McDowall RM (1983) La faune exotique des poissons d’eau douce de Nouvelle Zelande son histoire et son impact. Comp Rend Soc Biogeo 59: 223–230

McDowall RM (1984a) Forell Uus -Meremaa vetes: forelli bioloogia ja majandamine Uus -Meremaa järvedes ja jõgedes. Märgala, Wellington, 120 lk

McDowall RM (1984b) Uus -Meremaa whitebait raamat. Reed, Wellington, 210 lk

McDowall RM (1984c) Varude kavandamine mageveekaladele Uus -Meremaal. J Roy Soc NZ 14: 17–27

McDowall RM (1984d) Eksootilised kalad: Uus -Meremaa kogemus. Artiklis: Courtenay WR, Stauffer JR (toim) Eksootiliste kalade levik, bioloogia ja haldamine. John Hopkinsi ülikooli kirjastus, Baltimore, USA, lk 200–214

McDowall RM (1984e) Galaxiidae. lk 126–127. Teoses: Daget J, Gosse JP, Thys van den Audenaerde DFE (eds) Aafrika mageveekalade kontrollnimekiri. Orstom, Pariis

McDowall RM (1984) Lõunapoolkera magevee lõhevormid: areng ja suhted. lk 150–153. Teoses: Moser GH (ed) Kalade ontogenees ja süstemaatika, Ameerika Ihtüoloogide ja Herpetoloogide Selts

McDowall RM (1985) Jõesuudmed Uus -Meremaa kalaliikide elutsüklis. lk 557–570. In: Yanez-Arancibia A (toim) Kalakoosluse ökoloogia suudmealadel ja rannikuäärsetel laguunidel. Ciudad Universitaria, Mehhiko, UNAM Press Mexico

McDowall RM (1987a) Raamatuülevaade: ahvena ja sellega seotud kalade bioloogia. J.F. Craig, 1987. 333 lk. Croom Helm Ltd. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 21: 647–8

McDowall RM (1987b) Eksootiliste kalade mõju kohalikule loomastikule. Teoses: Viner AB (toim) Uus -Meremaa siseveed. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, lk 333–347

McDowall RM (1987c) Diadroomia esinemine ja levik kalades. Am Fish Soc Symp 1: 1–13

McDowall RM (1987d) Zoogeograafia - kohalikud kalad. Teoses: Viner AB (toim) Uus -Meremaa siseveed. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, lk 291–306

McDowall RM (1988b) Diadroomia kalades: migratsioon magevee ja merekeskkonna vahel. Croom Helm, London, 308 lk

McDowall RM (1990b) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad: looduslugu ja juhend. Heinemann Reed, Auckland, 553 lk

McDowall RM (1990c) Lünkade täitmine - eksootiliste kalade sissetoomine Uus -Meremaale. Teoses: Pollard DA (toim) Tutvustatud ja ümberpaigutatud kalad ning nende ökoloogiline mõju. Austraalia kalabioloogia selts, Magnetic Island, Townsville, Queensland, lk 69–82

McDowall RM (1990d) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad ja kalapüük: õngitseja Eldorado. Rev Aquatic Sci 2: 281–341

McDowall RM (1990e) Kui galaxiid ja lõhekalad kohtuvad- perekonna kokkutulek Uus-Meremaal. J Fish Biol 37: 35–43

McDowall RM (1991a) Mageveekalanduse uuringud Uus -Meremaal: protsessid, projektid ja inimesed. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 25: 393–413

McDowall RM (1991b) II -l võib selle lõpus olla - isanimesid tuleks muuta ainult siis, kui need on ilmselgelt valed. NZ Natur Sci 18: 25–29

McDowall RM (1992a) Diadromy: terminoloogia päritolu ja määratlused. Copeia 1992: 248–251

McDowall RM (1992b) Globaalsed kliimamuutused ning kalad ja kalandus: mis võib juhtuda parasvöötme ookeani saarestikus nagu Uus -Meremaa. Geo-J 28: 29–37

McDowall RM (1992c) Diadroomse kala kaitse eriprobleemid: vaatenurk. Aquat Cons 2: 351–355

McDowall RM (1993a) Diadroomia mõju Uus -Meremaa jõekallaste koosluste struktureerimisele ja modelleerimisele. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27: 453–462

McDowall RM (1993b) Põhja -Ameerika lääneosa põlisforell: [raamatuülevaade]. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27: 382–384

McDowall RM (1993c) Uus -Meremaa püüdlused vikerkaare lõpu poole: [kiri toimetajale]. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27: 379–380

McDowall RM (1993d) Hiljutine mere esivanem diadroomkaladele? Mõnikord jah, kuid enamasti ei! Environ Biol Fish 37: 329–335

McDowall RM (1994a) Mängumehed rahvale: Uus -Meremaa aklimatiseerumisühiskondade lugu 1861–1990. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, 508 lk

McDowall RM (1994b) Stokelli haude tüübikoha parandus, Stokellia anisodon (Stokell) 1941 (Kalad: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 24: 261–265

McDowall RM (1994c) Noorkalade eristav vorm ja värvus, Cheimarrichthys fosteri (Kalad: Pinguipedidae). NZ J Mar Freshw Res 28: 385–390

McDowall RM (1994) Perekond Centrolophidae. Austraalia lõunaranniku kalad 832–838

McDowall RM (1994) Perekond Galaxiidae. Austraalia lõunaranniku kalad: 234–238

McDowall RM (1994) Perekond Nomeidae. Austraalia lõunaranniku kalad: 838–843

McDowall RM (1994) Perekond Prototroctidae. Austraalia lõunaranniku kalad: 233

McDowall RM (1994) Perekond Retropinnidae. Austraalia lõunaranniku kalad: 232–233

McDowall RM (1994i) Kalapildid kunstis 70: Polüneesia maoori nikerdamine Maui müüdist. Environ Biol Fish 41: 330

McDowall RM (1994j) Mageveekalade suuruse ja kasvu kohta. Ecol Freshw Fish 3: 67–79

McDowall RM (1994k) Uus -Meremaa chinook -lõhe päritolu, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Mar Fish Rev 56: 1–7

McDowall RM (1994l) Lõhed ja nende liitlased. Teoses: Paxton JR, Eschmeyer WN (toim) Kalade entsüklopeedia. NSW University Press, Kensington, NSW, lk 113–118

McDowall RM (1994 m) Tarndale kiusaja, Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell (Kalad, Eleotridae) külastas uuesti ja kirjeldas uuesti. J Roy Soc NZ 24: 117–124

McDowall RM (1995) Hooajalised impulsid Uus -Meremaa diadroomsete kalade rändel ja jõesuu sulgemise võimalikud mõjud. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 29: 517–526

McDowall RM (ed) (1996a) Kagu-Austraalia mageveekalad. Reed, Sydney, 247 lk

McDowall RM (1996) Ayson, Falconeri järv 1855–1927: talutööline, küülikuinspektor, aklimatiseerumisametnik, kalandusinspektor. lk 24–25 Uus -Meremaa eluloo sõnaraamat. Kolmas köide, 1901–1920, Aucklandi ülikooli kirjastus, Auckland

McDowall RM (1996c) Diadroomia ning jõeäärsete kalakoosluste kokkupanek ja taastamine: vaade allavoolu. Kas J Fish Aquat Sci 53: 219–236

McDowall RM (1996d) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalade mõnede üldnimetuste etümoloogia. Pacific Sci 50: 117–121

McDowall RM (1996e) Maailma ohustatud kalad: Prototroctes oxyrhynchus Gunther 1870 (Prototroctidae). Environ Biol Fish 46:60

McDowall RM (1996f) Vulkanism ja mageveekalade biogeograafia Uus -Meremaa põhjasaarel. J Biogeol 23: 139–148

McDowall RM (1997a) Lisatarvikute külgjoon mõnes Uus -Meremaa ja Austraalia galaksiidis (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). Ecol Freshw Fish 6: 217–224

McDowall RM (1997b) Austraalia ja Uus -Meremaa mudakalade (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae) suguharud, üldine klassifikatsioon ja biogeograafia. Rec Aust Mus 49: 121–137

McDowall RM (1997c) Diadroomia areng kalades (uuesti vaadatud) ja selle koht fülogeneetilises analüüsis. Rev Fish Biol Fish 7: 443–462

McDowall RM (1997d) Põlistaimestiku tüüp ja lühikese lõugaga kokopu levik, Galaxias postvectis (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), Uus -Meremaal. NZ J Zool 24: 243–255

McDowall RM (1997e) Märkus hiiglasliku kiusaja kaitsestaatuse kohta, Gobiomorphus gobioides (Teleostei: Eleotridae). J Roy Soc NZ 27: 163–172

McDowall RM (1997f) Veel kaks uut liiki Galaksia (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) Taieri jõest Lõuna -Uus -Meremaalt. J Roy Soc NZ 27: 199–217

McDowall RM (1998a) Diadroomia ajendil: selle roll Uus -Meremaa mageveekalade fauna ajaloolises ja ökoloogilises biogeograafias. See J Zool 65: 73–85

McDowall RM (1998b) Vooluga võitlemine: Uus-Meremaa lääneranniku lääneranniku diadroomse kalafauna ökoloogia seosed allavoolu ülesvoolu. Freshwat Biol 40: 111–122

McDowall RM (1998c) Fülogeneetilised suhted ja ökomorfoloogilised erinevused sümpatrilistes ja allopaatilistes liikides Paragalaksia (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) Tasmaania kõrgetes järvedes. Environ Biol Fish 53: 235–257

McDowall RM (1999) Raamatuülevaade: Kalade ränne ja kalade ümbersõit. Toimetanud M. Jungwirth, S. Schmutz ja S. Weiss. Fishing News Books, Oxford, 1998. J Fish Biol 54: 1137–1138

McDowall RM (1999b) Kaudaalne luustik Galaksia ja liitlasperekonnad (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). Copeia 1999: 932–939

McDowall RM (1999c) Diadroomia ja geneetiline mitmekesisus Nearktika ja Palearktika kalades. Mol Ecol 8: 527–528

McDowall RM (1999d) Erinevad diadroomia liigid: erinevad kaitseprobleemid. ICES J märts Sci 56: 410–413

McDowall RM (1999e) Mageveekalad Uus -Meremaa elupaikade tervise näitajatena: rände tagajärjed. Teoses: Holt A, Dickinson K, Kearsley GW (toim) Keskkonnaindikaatorid: sümpoosioni toimetised. Otago ülikool, Dunedin, keskkonnapoliitika ja juhtimisuuringute keskus, lk 83–84

McDowall RM (1999f) Edasised metsloomade poeciliidkalad Uus -Meremaa magevees, liikide võtmega. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 33: 673–682

McDowall RM (2000a) Reed põldude juhend Uus -Meremaa mageveekalade kohta. Reed, Auckland, 225 lk

McDowall RM (2000b) Lõuna -jahedate parasvöötme mageveekalade biogeograafia: tõendid makroparasitaarsete faunade kohta. J Biogeol 27: 1221–1229

McDowall RM (2000c) Uus -Meremaa biogeograafia Torrentfish, Cheimarrichthys fosteri (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae): levik, mida juhib peamiselt ökoloogia ja käitumine. Environ Biol Fish 58: 119–131

McDowall RM (2000d) Gerald Stokell 1890–1972: aiandusteadlane, ihtüoloog. lk 499–500. Teoses: Uus -Meremaa eluloo sõnaraamat. Viies köide, 1941–1960, kd 5. Allen ja Unwin: osakond. siseasjade osakond, Wellington

McDowall RM (2000e) Smithi identiteet Galaxias smithii. Falk on J 7: 3–7

McDowall RM (2001a) Reed Uus -Meremaa loodussari - Uus -Meremaa mageveekalad. Reed, Auckland, 95 lk

McDowall RM (2001b) Anadroomia ja homing: kaks eluloo tunnust koos adaptiivse sünergiaga lõhekalade puhul? Kalapüük 2: 78–85

McDowall RM (2001c) Diadroomia, mitmekesisus ja lahknemine: mõju kalade eristusprotsessidele. Kalakalandus 2: 278–285

McDowall RM (2001d) Uus -Meremaa mageveekalade elupaiga mõõtmine. Aquat Ecosys Health Manag 4: 343–355

McDowall RM (2001e) Uus -Meremaa oja selgrootud: ökoloogia ja tagajärjed majandamisele: selgrootute oja ökoloogia saab vanaks (raamatuülevaade). NZ Sci Rev 58: 29–30

McDowall RM (2001f) Lõhekalade päritolu: mere- ja magevesi. või mitte kumbki? Rev Fish Biol Fish 11: 171–179

McDowall RM (2001 g) Parioglossus (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Microdesmidae) Uus -Meremaal. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 35: 165–172

McDowall RM (2001h) Peamine kaudaalsete uimede arv: galaktikakalade põhitegelane. NZ J Zool 28: 395–405

McDowall RM (2002a) Kogunevad tõendid lõunapoolsete jahedate parasvöötme mageveekalade leviku biogeograafia kohta. J Biogeol 29: 207–220

McDowall RM (2002b) Raamatute ülevaated: Mageveekalade ränne, autorid C. C. Lucas ja E. Baras. 420 lk Blackwell Science, Oxford, 2001. J Fish Biol 60: 1613–1614

McDowall RM (2002c) Centrolophidae - meduusakalad (volangid, tünnikalad). lk lk 3767–3770 Vaikse ookeani lääneosa keskosa elavad mereressursid. Fao, Rooma

McDowall RM (2002d) Mitu liiki Galaksia kas neid on Lõuna -Aafrikas? Ichthos 67: 10–11

McDowall RM (2002e) Päritolu ja staatus Galaxias smithii Regan (1905) (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). J Nat Hist 36: 1129–1134

McDowall RM (2003a) Raamatu ülevaade: Uus -Meremaa kalad: täielik juhend, autorid C. Paulin, C. Roberts, A. Stewart ja P. McMillan. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 37: 219–220

McDowall RM (2003b) Hawaii biogeograafia ja saarte magevee kalafauna. J Biogeol 30: 207–220

McDowall RM (2003c) Sisse toodud lõhelaste mõju kohalikele galaksiididele Uus -Meremaa kõrgustiku ojades: uus pilk vana probleemile. Trans Am Fish Soc 132: 229–238

McDowall RM (2003d) Hooliva isase kaitseks. Trends Ecol Evol 18: 610–611

McDowall RM (2003e) Kalade peamiste sabakiirte loetlemise protokollid. NZ J Zool 30: 259–291

McDowall RM (2003f) Salmonid ja nende liitlased. Teoses: Cogger HC, Eschmeyer WN, Paxton JR, Zweifel RG (eds) Loomade ökoloogia: roomajad, kahepaiksed ja kalad. Fog City Press, San Francisco, lk 335–341

McDowall RM (2003g) Varjundid ja diadroomia: mõju ökoloogiale, evolutsioonile ja biogeograafiale. Am Fish Soc Symp 35: 11–23

McDowall RM (2003h) Lülisamba arvu varieerumine galaktide kalades (Teleostei: Galaxiidae): eluajaloo, laius- ja pikkuse pärand. Environ Biol Fish 66: 361–381

McDowall RM (2003i) Variation in vertebral number in galaxiid fishes how fishes swim, and a possible explanation for pleomerism. Rev Fish Biol Fish 13:247–263

McDowall RM (2004a) Ancestry and amphidromy in island freshwater fish faunas. Fish Fisheries 5:78–85

McDowall RM (2004b) Book review: Gunn, J.M., Steedman, R.J. and R.A. Ryder (ed.) Boreal shield watersheds—lake trout ecosystems in a changing environment. Lewis, Boca Raton 501 pp. Prog Phys Geog 28:608–609

McDowall RM (2004c) The Chatham Islands endemic galaxiid: a Neochanna mudfish (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 34:315–331

McDowall RM (2004d) Letter to the Editor: Protocols for citing the authority for zoological names: comment. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 38:95–196

McDowall RM (2004e) Shoot first, and then ask questions: a look at aquarium fish imports and invasiveness in New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 38:503–510

McDowall RM (2004f) What biogeography is: a place for process. J Biogeol 31:345–351

McDowall RM (2005a) [Book Review]: Freshwater fishes of north-eastern Australia. By B. Pusey, M. Kennard, and A. Arthington. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 39:1196–1197

McDowall RM (2005b) Diadromy, history and ecology: a question of scale. In: Dufour SP, Prévost E, Rochard E, Williot P (eds) Fish and Diadromy in Europe (ecology, management, conservation). Springer, Bordeaux, France, pp 5–14

McDowall RM (2005) Ernst Mayr: [obituary]. pp. 138–141 Ann Rep Roy Soc NZ 2005

McDowall RM (2005d) Falkland Islands biogeography: converging trajectories in the South Atlantic Ocean. J Biogeol 32:49–62

McDowall RM (2005e) Falklands: fact, fiction or fiddlesticks: a place for process. J Biogeol 32:2187–2187

McDowall RM (2005f) Historical biogeography of the New Zealand freshwater crayfishes (Parastacidae, Paranephrops spp.): restoration of a refugial survivor? NZ J Zool 32:55–77

McDowall RM (2005g) Letter to the Editor Comment: American Fisheries Society makes changes in the end. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 39:1199–1200

McDowall RM (2005h) Making a living in Red Pond: a snapshot of the diet of a populaion of Aplochiton zebra (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) at the Falkland Islands. NZ J Zool 32:23–27

McDowall RM (2006a) Crying wolf, crying foul, or crying shame: alien salmonids and a biodiversity crisis in the southern cool-temperate galaxioid fishes? Rev Fish Biol Fish 16:233–422

McDowall RM (2006b) Fish, fish habitats and fisheries in New Zealand. Aquat Ecosys Health Manag 9:391–405

McDowall RM (2007) Hawaiian freshwater fishes: the role of amphidromy in history, ecology and conservation biology. pp. 3–9. In: Evenhuis NL and Fitzsimons JM (ed) Biology of Hawaiian streams and estuaries

McDowall RM (2007b) On amphidromy, a distinct form of diadromy in aquatic organisms. Fish Fisheries 8:1–13

McDowall RM (2008a) Jordan’s and other ecogeographic rules, and the vertebral number in fishes. J Biogeol 35:501–508

McDowall RM (2008b) Process and pattern in the biogeography of New Zealand—a global microcosm? J Biogeol 35:197–212

McDowall RM (2008c) Why are so many boreal freshwater fishes anadromous? Confronting `conventional wisdom’. Fish Fisheries 9:208–213

McDowall RM (2009a) Concluding remarks on the Halifax symposium. Am Fish Soc Symp 69:813–821

McDowall RM (2009b) Early hatch: a strategy for safe downstream larval transport in amphidromous gobies. Rev Fish Biol Fish 19:1–8

McDowall RM (2009c) An ichthyological lucky dip, or “What freshwater fish lives where?”: Review of: T. M. Berra, Freshwater fish distribution. Environ Biol Fish 4:147–151

McDowall RM (2009) Kenneth (Radway) Allen MSc DSc Cambridge FRSNZ. Roy. Soc. N.Z. Yrbk 2009

McDowall RM (2009e) Making the best of two worlds: diadromy in the evolution, ecology and conservation of aquatic organisms. Am Fish Soc Symp 69:1–22

McDowall RM (2010b) New Zealand freshwater fishes: an historical and ecological biogeography. Springer, Dordrecht, 449 pp

McDowall RM (2010c) Biogeography in the life and literature of John Muir: a ceaseless search for pattern. J Biogeol 37:1629–1636

McDowall RM (2010d) Why be amphidromous: expatrial dispersal and the place of source and sink population dynamics? Rev Fish Biol Fish 20:87–100

McDowall RM (2011b) Ikawai: Freshwater fishes in Mäori culture and economy. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, 872 pp

McDowall RM (2011c) Dispersal ability: animal. In: Simberloff D, Rejmánek M (eds) Encyclopedia of biological invasions. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 54–159

McDowall RM, Allibone RM (1994) Possible competitive exclusion of common river Galaxias (Galaxias vulgaris) by koaro (G. brevipinnis) following impoundment of the Waipori River, Otago, New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 24:161–168

McDowall RM, Allibone RM (2004) Threatened fishes of the world: Galaxias cobitinis McDowall and Waters, 2002 (Galaxiidae). Env Biol Fish 70:42

McDowall RM, Banister KE (1985) Pikes, salmon, argentines. pp 44–59. In: Banister KE, Campbell A (eds) The encyclopedia of underwater life. Allen Unwin, London, 287 pp

McDowall RM, Banister KE (1986) Pikes, salmon, argentines. pp 52–67. In: Banister KE, Campbell A (eds) All the worlds’ animals—fishes. Torster Books, New York, 158 pp

McDowall RM, Burridge CP (2011b) Osteology and relationships of the southern freshwater lower euteleostean fishes. Zoosyst Evol 87:7–185

McDowall RM, Chadderton WL (1999) Galaxias gollumoides (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), a new fish species from Stewart Island, with notes on other non-migratory freshwater fishes present on the island. J Roy Soc NZ 29:77–88

McDowall RM, Charteris SC (2006) The possible adaptive advantages of terrestrial egg deposition in some fluvial diadromous galaxiid fishes (Teleostei: Galaxidiae). Fish Fisheries 7:153–164

McDowall RM, David BO (2008) Gobiopterus in New Zealand (Teleostei: Gobiidae), with observations on sexual dimorphism. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 42:325–331

McDowall RM, Eldon GA (1980) The ecology of whitebait migrations: (Galaxiidae: Galaxias spp.). NZ Fish Res Bull 20, 170 pp

McDowall RM, Eldon GA (1996) Threatened fishes of the world: Neochanna burrowsius (Phillipps, 1926) (Galaxiidae). Environ Biol Fish 47:190

McDowall RM, Eldon GA (1997) Reproductive cycling and fecundity estimation in the upland bully. J Fish Biol 51:164–179

McDowall RM, Frankenberg RS (1981) The Galaxiid fishes of Australia (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Rec Aust Mus 33:443–605

McDowall RM, Fulton W (1978a) A further new species of Paragalaxias from Tasmania (Pisces: Galaxiidae) with a revised key to species. Aust J Mar Freshw Res 29:659–665

McDowall RM, Fulton W (1978b) A revision of the genus Paragalaxias Scott (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae). Aust J Mar Freshw Res 29:93–108

McDowall RM, Gosztonyi AE (1974) Zoogeography of Galaxias maculatus in South America. Copeia 1974:978–979

McDowall RM, Kelly GR (1999) Date and age at migration in juvenile giant kokopu, Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin) (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) and estimation of spawning season. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 33:263–270

McDowall RM, Lee DE (2005) Probable perciform fish scales from a Miocene freshwater lake deposit, Central Otago, New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 35:339–344

McDowall RM, McIntosh A (2008) Freshwater fishes. In: Winterbourn MJ, Knox GA, Burrows C, Marsden ID (eds) The Natural history of Canterbury. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, pp 616–650

McDowall RM, Nakaya K (1987) Identity of the galaxioid fishes of the genus Aplochiton Jenyns from southern Chile. Jpn J Ichthyol 34:377–383

McDowall RM, Nakaya K (1988) Morphological divergence in the two species of Aplochiton Jenyns (Salmoniformes: Aplochitonidae): a generalist and specialist. Copeia 1988:233–236

McDowall RM, Pankhurst NW (2005) Loss of negative eye-size allometry in a population of Aplochiton zebrai (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Falkland Islands. NZ J Zool 32:17–22

McDowall RM, Pole M (1997) A large galaxiid fossil (Teleostei) from the Miocene of Central Otago, New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 27:193–198

McDowall RM, Pusey BJ (1983) Lepidogalaxias salamandroides Mees—A redescription, with natural history notes. Rec West Aust Mus 11:11–23

McDowall RM, Rowe DK (1996) Threatened fishes of the world: Galaxias gracilis McDowall,1967 (Galaxiidae). Environ Biol Fish 46:280

McDowall RM, Stevens MI (2007) Taxonomic status of the Tarndale bully Gobiomorphus alpinus (Teleostei: Eleotridae), revisited-again. J Roy Soc NZ 37:15–29

McDowall RM, Stewart AL (1997) Further specimens of Agrostichthys parkeri (Teleostei: Regalecidae) with natural history notes. In: Séret B, Sire JY (eds) 5th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, Société Française d’Ichtyologie: Institut de recherche pour le dévelopment. Nouméa, New Caledonia, pp 165–176

McDowall RM, Suren AM (1995) Emigrating larvae of koaro, Galaxias brevipinnis Gunther (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), from the Otira River, New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 29:271–275

McDowall RM, Taylor MJ (2000b) Environmental indicators of habitat quality in a migratory freshwater fish fauna. Environ Manag 25:357–374

McDowall RM, Wallis GP (1996) Description and redescription of Galaxias species (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from Otago and Southland. J Roy Soc NZ 26:401–427

McDowall RM, Waters JM (2002) A new longjaw Galaxias species (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Kauru River, North Otago, New Zealand. NZ J Zool 29:41–52

McDowall RM, Waters JM (2003) A new species of Galaxias (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Mackenzie Basin, New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 33:675–691

McDowall RM, Waters JM (2004) Phylogenetic relationships in a small group of diminutive galaxiid fishes and the evolution of sexual dimorphism. J Roy Soc NZ 34:23–57

McDowall RM, Whitaker AM (1975) The freshwater fishes. In: Kuschel G (ed) Biogeography and ecology in New Zealand. Junk, The Hague, pp 277–299

McDowall RM, Allibone RM, Chadderton WL (2005) Falkland Islands freshwater fishes: a natural history. Falklands Conservation, London, 102 pp

McDowall RM, Robertson DA, Saito R (1975) Occurrence of galaxiid larvae and juveniles in the sea. N.Z. J Mar Freshw Res 9:1–9

McDowall RM, Hopkins CL, Flain M (1976) Fishes. In: Jolly VH, Brown JMA (eds) New Zealand lakes. Auckland University Press, Auckland, pp 292–307

McDowall RM, Graynoth E, Eldon GA (1977) The occurrence and distribution of fishes in streams draining the beech forests of the West Coast and Southland, South Island, New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 7:405–424

McDowall RM, Clark BM, Wright GJ, Northcote TG (1993) Trans-2-cis-6-nonadienal: the cause of cucumber odor [sic] in Osmerid and Retropinnid smelts. Trans Am Fish Soc 122:144–147

McDowall RM, Mitchell CP, Brothers EB (1994) Age at migration from the sea of juvenile Galaxias in New Zealand (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Bull Mar Sci 54:385–402

McDowall RM, Main MR, West DW, Lyon GL (1996) Terrestrial and benthic foods in the diet of the shortjawed kokopu, Galaxias postvectis Clarke (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). NZ J Mar Freshw Res 30:257–269

McDowall RM, Jellyman DJ, Dijkstra LH (1998a) Arrival of an Australian anguillid eel in New Zealand: an example of transoceanic dispersal. Environ Biol Fish 51:1–6

McDowall RM, Paxton JR, Eschmeyer WN (1998b) Salmons and their allies. In: Paxton JR, Eschmeyer WN (eds) Encyclopedia of fishes. Academic, San Diego, CA, pp 113–117

McDowall RM, Allibone RM, Chadderton WL (2001) Issues for the conservation and management of Falkland Islands freshwater fishes. Aquat Conservat 11:473–486

McDowall RM, Kennedy EM, Alloway BV (2006a) A fossil southern grayling, genus Prototroctes, from the Pleistocene of north-eastern New Zealand (Teleostei: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 36:27–36

McDowall RM, Kennedy EM, Lindqvist JK, Lee DE, Alloway BV, Gregory MR (2006b) Probable Gobiomorphus fossils from the Miocene and Pleistocene of New Zealand (Teleostei: Eleotridae). J Roy Soc NZ 36:97–109

McIntosh AR, McDowall RM (2004) Fish communities in rivers and streams. pp. 17.1–17.9. In: Harding JS, Mosley MP, Pearson CP, Sorrell BK (eds) Freshwaters of New Zealand. New Zealand Hydrological Society: New Zealand Limnological Society, Christchurch

Metcalfe JD, Arnold G, McDowall RM (2002) Migration. In: Hart PJB, Reynolds JD (eds) Handbook of fish biology and fisheries Blackwell Publishing. England, Oxford, pp 175–199

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The discovery of the vitamins

The discovery of the vitamins was a major scientific achievement in our understanding of health and disease. In 1912, Casimir Funk originally coined the term "vitamine". The major period of discovery began in the early nineteenth century and ended at the mid-twentieth century. The puzzle of each vitamin was solved through the work and contributions of epidemiologists, physicians, physiologists, and chemists. Rather than a mythical story of crowning scientific breakthroughs, the reality was a slow, stepwise progress that included setbacks, contradictions, refutations, and some chicanery. Research on the vitamins that are related to major deficiency syndromes began when the germ theory of disease was dominant and dogma held that only four nutritional factors were essential: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and minerals. Clinicians soon recognized scurvy, beriberi, rickets, pellagra, and xerophthalmia as specific vitamin deficiencies, rather than diseases due to infections or toxins. Experimental physiology with animal models played a fundamental role in nutrition research and greatly shortened the period of human suffering from vitamin deficiencies. Ultimately it was the chemists who isolated the various vitamins, deduced their chemical structure, and developed methods for synthesis of vitamins. Our understanding of the vitamins continues to evolve from the initial period of discovery.


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Within the Burns Federation he was the promoter of the Burns Chronicle for many years and served as Secretary of the Federation from its formation until 1906 when he was elected to the office of Vice-President. The following year he was elected President of The Burns Federation, a fitting tribute to his invaluable contribution to the organisation.

An example of his keen sense of business acumen and committee handling is to be found in the records of the formation of the Burns Federation. At the inaugural meeting held at Kilmarnock in July 1885 the seniority on the Roll of Clubs was discussed. Captain Sneddon agreed that the London Burns Club should be allocated the prestigious Number 1 , since that was where the initial idea had been raised. From all accounts this proposal did not necessarily meet with the approval of the Kilmarnock members. There being 14 members from Kilmarnock present, had it gone to a vote they would have won hands down or perhaps we should say "Hands Up". However, the decision being accepted, all was revealed at the next meeting, when the Roll was called out and Captain Sneddon started with Kilmarnock Burns Club No. 0, London Burns Club No. 1. Although there was no alteration from the original decision there was a dramatic alteration to the order on the Roll of Clubs.

Alas, all good things come to an end and whilst on a trip to South Africa, to visit his son, he took ill and died on 28th May 1910.

David Mackay was a native of Kilmarnock but his parents came from Sutherland in the North of Scotland. His uncle was the famous local historian Archibald McKay who, amongst many other books, produced a much sought after History of Kilmarnock. David Mackay began his business career with Messrs William Rankin & Sons, Wine Merchants, in King Street, Kilmarnock. Later he transferred to Messrs William Wallace & Co., Wine Merchants, becoming their principal Manager. He was also much involved with community council work and served as Treasurer of Kilmarnock Town Council for three years and Provost for six years from 1895-1901. It is recorded that David Mackay was one of the most popular Provosts that Kilmarnock had had at that time. A leading promoter of the adoption, by Kilmarnock, of the Public Libraries Act, it was due to his enthusiasm that Mr James Dick, Greenhead Works, Glasgow, (a native of Kilmarnock), gifted the Dick Institute Library and Museum to the town. He was also Chairman of the Burgh School Board. An excellent artist himself he was excelled by two of his brothers in that field, R. S. Mackay in portraiture and James M. Mackay in landscapes. Part of his obituary states:-"A gentleman of fine presence, of highly intellectual gifts, of genial
disposition, and an eloquent platform speaker, Provost Mackay rendered conspicuously good service to the community, and for years was in the forefront of every movement that was calculated to promote the happiness and welfare of the people."

Provost David Mackay was President of the Burns Federation from 1899 - 1906.

Now these three gentlemen were indeed of the highest calibre, very much servants to their fellow men, and willing to put their reputations to the test by public activities. They served well and were rewarded not in financial terms but with great personal satisfaction.

I would also like to draw to your attention that each of them was an industrious and enthusiastic Freemason. To you and I the duties and responsibilitie s of our daily lives reflect our Masonic teachings and to Colin Rae Brown, Captain David Sneddon and Provost David Mackay it was obviously no different.

A brief resume of their individual Masonic activities are:

Brother Colin Rae Brown was initiated into Lodge Greenock St John's, No. 175 in 1844, the same year that he was President of Greenock Burns Club. The records of the Lodge do not show any involvement as an Office-bearer or Degree worker. When the Lodge celebrated its Centenary in 1890 Brother Rae Brown composed a Song entitled "A Hundred Years Ago". A copy of this is to be found in the Lodge History Book compiled by Brother William McKillop P.M. Rae Brown's association with the Lodge covered a period of 53 years.

Brother Captain David Sneddon was a member of Lodge St Marnock, No. 109 having affiliated to the Lodge in 1882, serving as Master in 1884, 1885 and 1893. The name and number of his Mother Lodge is unknown. He was appointed as the first official Provincial Grand Secretary of Ayrshire and served from 1890 till 1895 under the Provincial Grand Mastership of Brother The Hon. Thomas Cochrane M.P, Master of Lodge Mother Kilwinning and as such the Provincial Grand Master for Ayrshire. He was an active member of Grand Committee of the Grand Lodge of Scotland and served as Junior Grand Deacon in 1894-1895. He was also Proxy Grand Master for Canterbury, New Zealand. There is, to my mind anyway, no doubt that it was Brother Sneddon's knowledge of Freemasonry, (especially the situation between Mother Kilwinning and the Grand Lodge of Scotland which resulted in Mother Kilwinning becoming known as No. 0) that led to the unique Roll of Associated Burns Clubs which placed London as No. 1 and Kilmarnock as No. 0.

Brother David Mackay was a reponing member of Lodge St Marnock, No. 109 in 1867 having affiliated from another, as yet unknown, Lodge. That same year he was appointed Treasurer of the Lodge.

It is not for me to talk on the numerous encounters and friendships which Robert Burns had which were all connected to Freemasonry but many of you will know that without the Craft he might well not have had his First Edition printed, which led to the Second Edition and his acceptance by the literati of Edinburgh. During his Edinburgh stay he met and became acquainted with many of the Lords and Ladies of his day. In most cases the gentlemen were Freemasons. He was even addressed within Lodge Edinburgh St Andrew, No. 48, on 12th January 1787, by the then Grand Master Mason, Brother The Hon. Francis Charteris, as "Caledonia's Bard, Brother Burns."

In 1898 an "Exhibition of Burns' Relics" was held at the premises of Wm. Allan and Sons in Glasgow, where the crowds who thronged the galleries found much to excite their interest. Among the items on display were: —

The Poet's excise inkbottle
The Bible he read at the Brow well
The draughtboard he and Gilbert used at Lochlea
The Masonic Apron and Jewel he had worn as Depute Master at St James Lodge, Tarbolton
Two of his razors, his blunderbuss and several locks of his hair
Jean Armour's rolling pin and a pair of her black silk embroidered stockings
A man called John B. Morgan had lent a bolt and two hasps from the outer door of Clarinda's house
Kilmarnock Burns Club lent a small eggcup made from the old rafters of the Steading at Mossgiel
A Doctor J. S. Hunter had made several items available from his collection, including a "piece of wood which formed part of the joist on which the bed rested on which Burns died".

All of these things are reminders of Burns' humanity, "but scarce one of his spirituality", wrote Duncan McNaught of Kilmaurs, the then editor of the Burns Chronicle.

Brethren, Burns is not a theory or an abstraction to us his countrymen. Both he and his poetry are embalmed in our hearts. His Immortal Memory did not come into being by Royal or Government Decree it simply grew from the love of the people for a single man who has touched the hearts of mankind — the world o'er

Brethren, it has been my pleasure to endeavour to keep alive the memory of Burns while at the same time paying homage to those three fellow Masons whose concerted efforts brought into being The Burns Federation, further strengthening the memory of an exalted Brother.

Returning to my opening statement that:

"The actions of men are the best interpreters of their thoughts"

I ask you to remember them every day as a reminder that your actions are the best example to others of how a Freemason should act or as Robert Burns put it:

"Tae see oorsels as ithers see us."

[The image is of a booklet published some years ago which attempted to document all the remaining artifacts relating to Robert Burns several of which are the property of the GLoS]


J. M. Charteris - History

The Center for Jewish History and its partner organizations - The American Jewish Historical Society, The American Sephardi Federation, The Leo Baeck Institute, Yeshiva University Museum, and The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research - protest the recent trial in Poland of the eminent scholars, Barbara Engelking ja Jan Grabowski. This trial is the most visible outcome of recent measures undertaken by some Polish authorities to suppress scholarly inquiry and threatens to exert a chilling effect on future research and publication in Poland. All who believe that independent, unbiased scholarship is an essential element of a free society should be alarmed at this troubling assault on academic freedom.

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Water-induced thermogenesis

Drinking lots of water is commonly espoused in weight loss regimens and is regarded as healthy however, few systematic studies address this notion. In 14 healthy, normal-weight subjects (seven men and seven women), we assessed the effect of drinking 500 ml of water on energy expenditure and substrate oxidation rates by using whole-room indirect calorimetry. The effect of water drinking on adipose tissue metabolism was assessed with the microdialysis technique. Drinking 500 ml of water increased metabolic rate by 30%. The increase occurred within 10 min and reached a maximum after 30-40 min. The total thermogenic response was about 100 kJ. About 40% of the thermogenic effect originated from warming the water from 22 to 37 C. In men, lipids mainly fueled the increase in metabolic rate. In contrast, in women carbohydrates were mainly used as the energy source. The increase in energy expenditure with water was diminished with systemic beta-adrenoreceptor blockade. Thus, drinking 2 liters of water per day would augment energy expenditure by approximately 400 kJ. Therefore, the thermogenic effect of water should be considered when estimating energy expenditure, particularly during weight loss programs.


Abstraktne

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in researching and developing new antimicrobial agents from various sources to combat microbial resistance. Therefore, a greater attention has been paid to antimicrobial activity screening and evaluating methods. Several bioassays such as disk-diffusion, well diffusion and broth or agar dilution are well known and commonly used, but others such as flow cytofluorometric and bioluminescent methods are not widely used because they require specified equipment and further evaluation for reproducibility and standardization, even if they can provide rapid results of the antimicrobial agent's effects and a better understanding of their impact on the viability and cell damage inflicted to the tested microorganism. In this review article, an exhaustive list of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods and detailed information on their advantages and limitations are reported.


Vaata videot: Edward viii despite everything..